Special Assessment Finance Resource Center
Special assessment district financing mechanisms are a common development finance tool. A special assessment is an additional tax on a piece of property, generally in the form of real estate taxes. This additional assessment is collected by the local taxing authority and directed to a designated fund to finance projects, improvements or programming for the assessed district. Every state provides some form of special assessment district financing. Most states offer more than one option. These tools are known by a variety of names and can be structured in a variety of ways, but there are two predominant methods.
The first method, Business and Neighborhood Districts, is the assembly of business and neighborhood groups into a district to generate funding for projects and programs. Business and Neighborhood Districts are typically run by property owners in the district. These owners impose self-assessed taxes on themselves in order to generate funds for physical improvements or other amenities.
The second approach, Government Districts, is a directly targeted assessment program organized by local government. Government Districts come in many shapes and sizes. These districts often provide services that are similar in scope to those provided by Business and Neighborhood Districts. However, in these cases, government entities typically direct the work of these districts.
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Market Update and Virginia Financing Tools
Tax Increment Financing, Special Assessment Districts, Management Districts and Public Improvement Districts have become powerful financing mechanisms to help communities concentrate development opportunities into targeted locations. Laura Radcliff of Stifel and Suzanne Long of Haneberg Hurlbert discuss their experience using these tools in communities across Virginia to catalyze public improvements that spur private investment.
Arvada: Tax Increment Financing in Action
Tax increment financing is a flexible and creative financing tool that can support development projects throughout Colorado. The Arvada Urban Renewal Authority shares their successes of using TIF for a number of different projects including housing, retail, and historic preservation.
Georgia’s Community Improvement Districts
This report from Georgia State University investigates Community Improvement Districts (CIDs). CIDs are an increasingly popular method of promoting economic growth in Georgia, with 25 active CIDs currently.
Tax Increment Financing
Tom Weihe (Kutak Rock, LLP) discusses legislative updates related to TIF as well as how to combine TIF with other tools to see concentrated development and to spur private investment across the state.
NIZ Vs. CRIZ
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Sometimes called “NIZ Lite”, Pennsylvania's City Revitalization and Improvement Zones (“CRIZ”) is similar to the Neighborhood Improvement Zone (“NIZ”), but there are some key distinctions. One important distinction of the CRIZ program from the NIZ is the NIZ permits all tax revenues generated within the zone to be directed toward financing development in the zone. The CRIZ program only provides for tax revenue generated over and above existing baseline amounts to be made available for development purposes.
Communities throughout the country use special assessment finance every day and CDFA collects headlines on projects and news daily.
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