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Public-Private Partnership (P3) Finance Resource Center

A public-private partnership (P3) is generally speaking a contractual arrangement where a government agency contracts with a private partner to renovate, construct, operate, maintain, and/or manage a facility or system that provides a public service. The government agency may retain ownership of the public facility or system but the private party generally invests its own capital to design and develop the facility or system. Typically, each partner shares in income resulting from the partnership. Such a venture, although a contractual arrangement, can differ from typical service contracting in that the private sector partner may make a substantial cash, at-risk, equity investment in the project, and the public sector gains access to new revenue or service delivery capacity without having to pay the private-sector partner.

The underlying strength of the P3 model is that the private sector has sufficient P3 capacity (expertise and availability) to successfully deliver project objectives. When paired with the power of bond financing, this tool shows great promise for U.S. infrastructure, services and development. It should be noted that in most cases, there must be a legal statutory authority provided by the government to enter into P3 transactions. In relationship to bond financing, P3s are a natural fit as many projects can benefit from not only the private management structure but also from the access to affordable capital provided by the bond markets.

-Resources

-Case Studies

Public-Private Partnerships are a natural fit as many projects can benefit from not only the private management structure but also from the access to affordable capital. CDFA has collected hundreds of case study examples.

Public-Private Partnerships for TransportationMembers only Login
This 2016 document builds on the toolkit, by categorizing and analyzing all transportation public-private partnership laws adopted by the 33 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico that have enacted such legislation.
State P3 Legislation MatrixMembers only Login
Comprehensive list of P3 legislation in the United States.
Public Private Partnerships in Ohio for Infrastructure, Transportation, Energy & Development Projects Members only Login
Just as infrastructure development acts as a catalyst for economic growth, it is also changing the landscape for potential investors and the expanding field of infrastructure finance. As budgets are stretched and new rules are created, it can be difficult to pull together funding for necessary infrastructure improvements and community facilities. David Rogers with Frost Brown Todd LLC and Ryan Sullian with Signet Capital present case studies and explore proven approaches for implementing a successful P3 project in Ohio, where there is no official P3 statute.
Supporting Healthy Food Access in NCMembers only Login
The resulting lack of access to healthy, affordable food undermines the health and well-being of children and families, and further harms communities that are already struggling economically. The report led to a series of convenings of key stakeholders charged with developing recommendations for increasing access to healthy, affordable foods for residents in both urban and rural underserved areas throughout the state.
Avoiding the Potholes: U.S. P3s and Takeaways for Investors and Grantors Members only Login
This recent report from Fitch Ratings highlights the completion risk inherent in new P3 projects. While most projects were successful meeting and, in some cases, beating construction schedules and budgets, several struggled in the completion phase for a multitude of reasons, including delays in third-party approvals; contractor troubles, etc.
More case studies

-Headlines

-Training Courses

The Intro Public-Private Partnership (P3) Finance Course examines this emerging development finance model with a focus on how development finance agencies can adopt P3 principles to address a variety of projects. This course will cover basic P3 concepts, key players involved in transactions, asset valuation, contract negotiation, risk assessment, revenue stream development, and feasibility analysis. In addition, several P3 projects from across the country will be presented, and P3 experts will analyze the successful elements in each deal.

-Webcasts

CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: Financing the Nation’s Transportation Needs One Community at a TimeMembers only Login
Federal, state, and local funding for transportation is woefully inadequate to cover the costs of maintenance and improvements needed. Although this subject is often discussed on a national level, it often remains a local issue for local communities to address. From bridges and roadways to water and energy, local communities are developing creative strategies to address their growing infrastructure needs.
CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: Opportunities and Advancements in Water FinanceMembers only Login
During this installment of the CDFA // BNY Mellon Development Finance Webcast Series, learn from expert speakers Jordan Dorfman from the EPA, Tyler Old from PFM, John DeLuca from CoBank, and Jong Sook Nee from McManimon, Scotland & Baumann, LLC as they discuss developments in the water finance space and how different financing mechanisms like bonds, RLFs, P3s, and other tools are being used to address today’s water infrastructure projects.
CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: Post-Election Development Finance LandscapeMembers only Login
This month’s CDFA // BNY Mellon Development Finance Webcast Series on the post-election development finance landscape featured Toby Rittner of CDFA, Eric Silva of North South Government Strategies, George Friedlander of George Friedlander Consulting, and David Terry of NASEO.
CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: The Landscape of Mega Project Initiatives
During this installment of the CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series, expert speakers from CAI Global, Baltimore Development Corporation, Arlington Economic Development, and VEDP provided an in-depth overview of the approaches being used by cities, counties, and states to attract mega projects like Amazon HQ2 and Under Armour.
CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: Analyzing Public-Private Partnership LegislationMembers only Login
During this installment of the CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series, Jill Jamieson with JLL and Hilary Jackler with Kutak Rock LLP highlighted various successful P3 state statutes across the U.S. as well as best practices in crafting P3 legislation.

CDFA National Sponsors

  • Alaska Industrial Development and Export Authority
  • Baker Tilly Virchow Krause
  • BNY Mellon
  • Bricker & Eckler LLP
  • Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP
  • Business Oregon
  • CohnReznick
  • FBT Project Finance Advisors LLC
  • Fifth Third Bank
  • Frost Brown Todd, LLC
  • Hawkins Delafield & Wood LLP
  • Ice Miller LLP
  • KeyBanc Capital Markets
  • Kutak Rock LLP
  • McCarter & English, LLP
  • McGuireWoods
  • MuniCap, Inc.
  • NW Financial Group, LLC
  • SB Friedman Development Advisors
  • Stern Brothers
  • Stifel Nicolaus
  • U.S. Bank
  • Wells Fargo Securities
  • Wilmington Trust
  • Z. The Bond Buyer
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