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Tax Credit Finance Resource Center

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Tax credit programs allow businesses and investors to claim tax credits for committing resources to a project or business. Several different types of tax credit programs exist at the federal and state levels to encourage investments in redevelopment projects, affordable housing, specific industries, and communities of all sizes.

The Tax Credit Finance Resource Center provides information about the various tax credit programs available and how they can be used within the context of development finance. Tax credits directly reduce a tax payer's tax liability and are not a deduction, thus making them a very desirable and effective tool. They can be used in urban, rural and suburban communities, and in some cases on a regional basis. They can also provide a targeted impact by addressing many different community sectors, such as low-income neighborhoods, historic districts and under-served markets that present opportunities for new investment.

There are three main federal tax credit programs: New Markets Tax Credits, Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credits and Low-Income Housing Tax Credits. There are also numerous state tax credit programs available, which can be found in the map provided in the resource center below.

In order to receive a tax credit, an investor must first demonstrate that an investment has been made. Such a resource commitment could be an investment in a bricks and mortar real estate project or a cash investment in a business. The distributor of the tax credit is authorized to issue credit based on the actual outlay of resources as evidenced by the investor. Tax credits can be used for several purposes in development projects: to provide an increased internal rate of return for investors, to reduce the interest rates on a particular financing package, and perhaps most importantly, to provide a repayment method for investors in place of cash. In the latter case, the credits can often be sold on the secondary market to generate income.

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-Understanding Tax Credits

Interested in learning more about Tax Credits? This section contains resources on understanding the basics of Tax Credits.

Read more about Tax Credits.

Remaking the Case for Tax Credits
In the January 2011 issue of the Novogradac Journal of Tax Credits, Michael J. Novogradac outlines this basics of low-income housing tax credits, renewable energy tax credits, historic tax credits, and new market tax credits. In light of 2010's increased scrutiny on tax expenditures, Novogradac points out that these tax credits provide far-reaching social and economic benefits at the national, state and local levels.
New Markets Tax Credit Fact Sheet - From New Markets Tax Credit Coalition
This fact sheet, provided by the New Markets Tax Credit Coalition, provides a basic overview of the federal New Markets Tax Credit Program.
Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Program Fact Sheet
This fact sheet, provided by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, provides an overview of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) Program. Elements include how the credits work, how they are awarded, and how LIHTC projects can provide Community Reinvestment Act consideration.
National Historic Preservation Tax Incentive Program Booklet
This booklet, provided by the National Parks Service, provides an overview of the National Historic Preservation Tax Incentive Program in general terms only.

-Resources

View all Tax Credit Finance Resources

-Federal Historic Tax Credit (HTC) Resources

Historic Tax Credit Enhancement Act - October 2019 Senate BillMembers only Login
This is the text of the Historic Tax Credit Improvement Act. The Act was introduced in the U.S. Senate in October 2019 by Sens. Bill Cassidy (R-LA), Ben Cardin (D-MD), Susan Collins (R-ME), and Maria Cantwell (D-WA).
Historic Preservation Tax Incentive Program - William Fiederlein and Lauren MackMembers only Login
William Fiederlein with National Trust Community Investment Corporation and Lauren Mack with Reyes Kurson present on Historic Preservation Tax Incentive Programs.
View More Federal Historic Tax Credit Resources

-Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) Resources

Designing and Operating Homeownership Programs on Tribal LandsMembers only Login
The purpose of this guide is to offer tribal leadership in New Mexico with a comprehensive overview of the steps required to create homeownership programs on reservation land, with a particular focus on the mortgage lending process.
Low Income Housing Tax Credit Program - Lee Goldstein and Garth RiemanMembers only Login
Lee Goldstein with Volunteers of America and Garth Rieman with National Council of State Housing Agencies present on LIHTC.
The Gap: A Shortage of Affordable HomesMembers only Login
Every year the National Low-Income Housing Coalition examines the American Community Survey (ACS) to determine the availability of rental homes affordable to extremely low-income households. This 2019 report provides a picture for the nation, which includes each state and the District of Columbia.
View more LIHTC Resources

-New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Resources

New Markets Tax Credit Summary Report - FY 2003 to FY 2017
The CDFI Fund requires all CDEs that have been awarded NMTC allocations to submit an annual report detailing how they invested Qualified Equity Investment (QEI) proceeds in low-income communities. The Summary Report categorizes all CDE investments utilizing the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) from FY 2003 - FY 2017.
CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: Fill in the Gaps with New Markets Tax CreditsMembers only Login
During this installment of the CDFA // BNY Mellon Development Finance Webcast Series, learn from expert speakers as they discussed their plans for the recent allocation of New Markets Tax Credits.
New Markets Tax Credit Program - Victor Abla, Corey Leon, Sara Pietka, Radhika ReddyMembers only Login
Victor Abla with LISC, Corey Leon with National Development Council, Sara Pietka with Roeder & Company, and Radhika Reddy with Ariel International Center present on New Market Tax Credits.
View more NMTC Resources

-State Tax Credits

Incorporationg PACE Into Complex Projects - Rachel Davis, Caleb Bell, Jerry Brunswick, Frances Kern Mennone, Scott RingleinMembers only Login
Rachel Davis, Caleb Bell, Jerry Brunswick, Frances Kern Mennone, and Scott Ringlein present Incorporationg PACE Into Complex Projects.
CDFA Food Finance White Paper Series: Food Systems & Investment Tools
This paper continues a white paper series demonstrating the ways in which traditional development financing is already supporting food systems, with a focus on finance tools that help to stimulate investment. An overview of investment tools, such as tax credits and opportunity zones, is provided with examples of current programs as well as an extensive collection of case studies to illustrate how these tools can make an impact.
Making Sense of Incentives: Taming Business Incentives to Promote ProsperityMembers only Login
In evaluating incentives, everything depends on the details: how much in incentives it takes to truly cause a firm to locate or expand, the multiplier effects, the effects of jobs on employment rates, how jobs affect tax revenue versus public spending needs. Do benefits of incentives exceed costs? This depends on the details. This book by the Upjohn Institute is about those details.
Innovative State-Led Efforts to Finance Agricultural ConservationMembers only Login
U.S. farmers are currently facing the most difficult agricultural economy since the 1980s. At the same time, many states are wrestling with the necessity of addressing environmental challenges. This report expounds upon the excellent work states are doing regarding conservation tax credits, cover crop incentives and environmental certifications to increase conservation across the landscape. The report also highlights how these programs work for agricultural producers and states.
Idaho Department of Commerce FY 2018 Report CardMembers only Login
In this annual report, the Idaho Department of Commerce has assembled an FY2018 (July 1, 2017 - June 30, 2018) agency update complete with program reports, grant information, and highlights of the impacts these projects have on Idaho’s economy and communities.
View more State Tax Credit Resources

-Programs Map

Search the map below for tax credit programs by state. This specialized search is part of CDFA's State Financing Program Directory, the only online resource cataloging the development finance programs offered by state governments. Click on a state to see a sample of state tax credit programs available. Login with a CDFA Member account at the top of the page to view full results.

-Case Studies

Incorporationg PACE Into Complex Projects - Rachel Davis, Caleb Bell, Jerry Brunswick, Frances Kern Mennone, Scott RingleinMembers only Login
Rachel Davis, Caleb Bell, Jerry Brunswick, Frances Kern Mennone, and Scott Ringlein present Incorporationg PACE Into Complex Projects.
CDFA Food Finance White Paper Series: Food Systems & Investment Tools
This paper continues a white paper series demonstrating the ways in which traditional development financing is already supporting food systems, with a focus on finance tools that help to stimulate investment. An overview of investment tools, such as tax credits and opportunity zones, is provided with examples of current programs as well as an extensive collection of case studies to illustrate how these tools can make an impact.
CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: Fill in the Gaps with New Markets Tax CreditsMembers only Login
During this installment of the CDFA // BNY Mellon Development Finance Webcast Series, learn from expert speakers as they discussed their plans for the recent allocation of New Markets Tax Credits.
Innovative State-Led Efforts to Finance Agricultural ConservationMembers only Login
U.S. farmers are currently facing the most difficult agricultural economy since the 1980s. At the same time, many states are wrestling with the necessity of addressing environmental challenges. This report expounds upon the excellent work states are doing regarding conservation tax credits, cover crop incentives and environmental certifications to increase conservation across the landscape. The report also highlights how these programs work for agricultural producers and states.
Finance Fund Invests in UC Gardner Neuroscience InstituteMembers only Login
University of Cincinnati Gardner Neuroscience Institute (UCGNI) is comprised of a diverse group of world-class physicians and faculty that provide specialized services for complex neurologic and psychiatric disease, illness, and injuries. Finance Fund provided $8 million of federal NMTC allocation; Cincinnati Development Fund, Inc. provided $8 million of federal NMTC allocation; Uptown Consortium, Inc. provided $20 million of federal NMTC allocation; and Capital One Community Renewal Fund, LLC, the investor, provided an additional $5 million of federal NMTC allocation.
View More Case Studies

-Headlines

-Publications

Tax Credit Finance Reference Guide
Written in conjunction with Ice Miller LLP, the Tax Credit Finance Reference Guide examines how to effectively apply tax credits to development opportunities, and explains the basics of tax credits and the fundamentals of using these tools. In addition, the guide walks through the pros and cons of using tax credits along with the guidelines for completing due diligence, performance monitoring, and benchmarking success. This comprehensive Reference Guide discusses in detail the primary tax credits available at the federal level, along with certain state tax credit programs, and includes numerous case studies of successful tax credit projects.
Practitioner's Guide to Economic Development Finance
The Practitioner's Guide to Economic Development Finance 2nd Edition is the only comprehensive resource dedicated to building and utilizing the development finance toolbox. The Practitioner's Guide provides the insight and practical information needed to critically understand how economic development is financed and the tools, strategies and techniques used to build strong communities. From bonds, tax increment finance and special districts to tax credits, seed & venture capital, revolving loan funds and much more, this Guide outlines the financing tools required for succeeding in today's competitive economic development climate.
Unlocking Capital: A Handbook for Becoming a High Performing Development Finance Agency
Unlocking Capital: A Handbook for Becoming a High Performing Development Finance Agency (Handbook) serves as a companion to the Practitioner’s Guide to help illuminate the structures of development finance agencies (DFAs), essential conduits to access development finance tools. The Handbook provides an overview of DFAs and their myriad roles in various development efforts. Included in this discussion is a comprehensive look at over a dozen high-performing DFAs throughout the country. The Handbook is designed to be a starting point for local leaders to engage in the creation or acceleration of a DFA to build and utilize the development finance toolbox.
View More Publications

-Training Courses

CDFA Offers two tax credit courses on an annual basis.

The Intro Tax Credit Finance WebCourse examines the application of tax credit programs in greater economic development finance efforts. This course will discuss the practical application of tax credit programs including brownfields, new markets, low income housing, historic preservation, and state-specific programs.

The Fundamentals Course will help you understand the variety of development finance tools available, from bonds, tax credits and TIF, to federal financing programs, RLFs, and access to capital lending resources.

-Upcoming Events

Fundamentals of Economic Development Finance WebCourse
January 29-30, 2020
Daily: 12:00 - 5:00 PM Eastern
The Fundamentals WebCourse is the foundation for all of CDFA’s educational offerings. This course helps attendees understand the variety of development finance tools available, from bonds, tax credits and TIF, to federal financing programs, RLFs, and access to capital lending resources.
Register
Intro Tax Credit Finance WebCourse
March 25-26, 2020
Daily: 12-5pm (Eastern)
The Intro Tax Credit Finance WebCourse examines the application of tax credit programs in greater economic development finance efforts. This course discusses the practical application of tax credit programs including brownfields, new markets, low income housing, historic preservation, and state-specific programs.
Register
CDFA Federal Policy Conference
April 14-15, 2020
Washington, DC
The federal government plays a critical role in driving private and public investment in innovation, job creation, infrastructure, and community development. With the 2020 presidential election quickly approaching, development finance will be a key policy issue across the nation. The 116th Congress will also play a major role in shaping our country’s economic development policy going forward. It's up to the development finance community to focus the national discussion on smart federal policy, and CDFA is the voice of the economic development finance community on Capitol Hill. For these reasons, CDFA will host its CDFA Federal Policy Conference on April 14-15 in Washington DC.
Register
View more Upcoming Events

-Webcasts

CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: Unlocking Capital for Native American CommunitiesMembers only Login
Tribal lands cover over 5% of the national land base, making Tribal nations the fourth largest state and some of America’s largest rural populations. The U.S. Constitution recognizes Tribal nations as sovereign governments, yet have a nation-to-nation relationship with the U.S. government. Due to this political structure, Native American-owned businesses face steep barriers to accessing capital and economic development policies, and therefore face crippling poverty with unemployment levels far above the national average. With limited access to capital, many Native American-owned businesses struggle to start, build, and grow. During this installment of the CDFA // BNY Mellon Development Finance Webcast Series, we will discuss financing tools for Native American-owned businesses to assist in strengthening tribal nation’s local economies.
CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: Fill in the Gaps with New Markets Tax CreditsMembers only Login
During this installment of the CDFA // BNY Mellon Development Finance Webcast Series, learn from expert speakers as they discussed their plans for the recent allocation of New Markets Tax Credits.
2019 Q2 CDFA Quarterly Legislative Update
In the second Quarterly Legislative Update of 2019, CDFA's Legislative Team discussed progress on pending CDFA legislation, other pending development finance legislation such as extenders, as well as what to expect from Congress in the coming months.
CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: The Landscape of Mega Project InitiativesMembers only Login
During this installment of the CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series, expert speakers from CAI Global, Baltimore Development Corporation, Arlington Economic Development, and VEDP provided an in-depth overview of the approaches being used by cities, counties, and states to attract mega projects like Amazon HQ2 and Under Armour.
CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series: Unwinding Tax Credit UnwindsMembers only Login
During this installment of the CDFA // BNY Mellon Webcast Series, Lillian Plata with Nee Plata Law LLC presented on the structure of tax credit unwinds for New Markets Tax Credit and Low-Income Housing Tax Credit deals.
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CDFA National Sponsors

  • Alaska Industrial Development and Export Authority
  • Baker Tilly Virchow Krause
  • BNY Mellon
  • Bricker & Eckler LLP
  • Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP
  • Business Oregon
  • CohnReznick
  • FBT Project Finance Advisors LLC
  • Fifth Third Bank
  • Frost Brown Todd, LLC
  • Hawkins Delafield & Wood LLP
  • Ice Miller LLP
  • KeyBanc Capital Markets
  • Kutak Rock LLP
  • McCarter & English, LLP
  • McGuireWoods
  • MuniCap, Inc.
  • NW Financial Group, LLC
  • Petros PACE Finance
  • SB Friedman Development Advisors
  • Stern Brothers
  • Stifel Nicolaus
  • U.S. Bank
  • Wells Fargo Securities
  • Wilmington Trust
  • Z. The Bond Buyer
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